Occasionally, the small, firm swelling at the injection site can last for a few weeks. You can also consult with local or state health officials for recommendations for assistance with risk assessments and PEP recommendations. The manufacturer’s label has specific directions regarding revaccination intervals. 0000005088 00000 n Your veterinarian will know your state’s laws and keep your pet on the appropriate vaccination schedule. ERIG is made from the plasma of horses. Returning to travel responsibly: World Tourism Day, “The search for the human”: 60 years of supporting health and building understanding, In the news: The effects of COVID-19 on other infectious diseases, How to travel safely and responsibly as COVID-19 restrictions ease up. Why? Not to mention, if your dog is not up to date on her rabies vaccine and she bites, gets bitten or has a wound of unknown origin that could possibly be a bite, the state law may require that your pet be quarantined or even euthanized to keep other pets and people safe. Although vaccine reactions can be alarming, watching your pet succumb to rabies is a much worse scenario. The cost of a rabies vaccine will vary depending on your provider. a�����������3�q�r��M3谱]�pdas�Z`������c"� u��������O�-b�����(ڀ��;Xy �� ��F The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. There is no additional volume or disease agent administered to trigger an immune response; the labeling is simply different for the vaccinations. These symptoms can start within hours of the vaccination and should go away in a day or two. Some diseases are so devastating, especially in young pets, that vaccinations are a crucial part of protection. There's a lot you need to know to make things go smoothly with your new friend. Weeks or even months after a bite, rabies can cause general weakness or discomfort, fever, or headache. If you suspect your pet is sick, call your vet immediately. Once a person develops rabies symptoms it is too late to vaccinate against rabies! People who may be repeatedly exposed to rabies virus should receive periodic testing for immunity, and booster doses might be necessary. Vaccine requirements for each pet and geographic location are different. For many types of bite wounds, immediate gentle irrigation with water or a dilute water povidone-iodine solution has been shown to markedly decrease the risk of bacterial infection. Vaccine 'came too late' for Briton who died of rabies after cat bite in Morocco. Most rabies deaths in people around the world are caused by bites from unvaccinated dogs. While most animals will demonstrate some signs of illness such as aggression or lack of balance, some may not have noticeable symptoms. 0000002535 00000 n Actually, three-year rabies vaccinations are the same as one-year vaccinations. Patient assistance programs that provide medications to uninsured or underinsured patients are available for rabies vaccine and immune globulin. In some circumstances, the victim may not even know they had contact with a bat – bats become most active at night and may bite or scratch a person while they sleep. Without a current rabies vaccination, your pet may need to be quarantined or even euthanized for biting someone or being bitten by a potentially rabid animal. Decisions regarding the use of antibiotics, and primary wound closure should be decided together with your doctor. Veterinarians, animal handlers, and veterinary students, Spelunkers (people who explore caves), and. In most states, the first rabies vaccination is generally given to puppies at or before 16 weeks of age. Depending on your state’s laws, your pet will likely need to be quarantined for a period after a bite for safety purposes, but she should not develop the disease herself, due to strong antibodies through vaccination. Rarely, symptoms such as headache, nausea, abdominal pain, muscle aches, and dizziness have been reported. The person should also get another shot called rabies immune globulin (RIG). Since rabies is such a serious, fatal disease, and vaccination is the only way to keep you and your pet safe, rabies vaccination is required by law for every pet in the United States. Dr. Smith is a small animal veterinarian with 11 years practicing veterinary medicine. 138 0 obj <> endobj The AVMA also maintains a list of state rabies laws. There is no test that can be done on a living person or an animal to tell if they are infected, and there is no treatment that can stop the virus once symptoms occur.