Time does not heal all wounds, though, because years later Holden imagines his brother, “ … I’d make believe I was talking to my brother, Allie. For decades, the idea that Holden was just a misbehaved teenager was common among critics, but failed to dig deeper into the suffering Holden feels from his social isolation and trauma brought in by events throughout his lifetime. It was written in response to the change the authors faced in everyday life, as well as the challenges of world […], The role of the primary external narrator in Herodotus’ 3.50-3 is essential in developing the discourse, and transforming the fabula from historical facts into the structure of an Aristotelean tragedy. I’d just be the catcher in the rye and all. Holden may have grown up privileged, but there was nothing money could buy to repair his esteem. He wrote about tragedy, but from a teenage perspective in the shape of Holden Caulfield. Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye, the psychological lens can be used to analyze while some argue mental illness in adolescence should not be taken seriously because many victims are well-off and experience few other problems, it should be due to how illness results from repressed trauma and causes an identity crisis transitioning into adulthood; unless signs of internal conflict is typical for becoming an adult. I’d say to him, ‘Allie, don’t let me disappear. Furthermore, Holden already has an image for his identity, “Anyway, I keep picturing all these little kids playing some game in this big field of rye and all.

Psychological criticism in literature is the psychological analysis of motivations of the author and his work. For instance, being aware that the writer was a victim of a violent crime may cause the reader to interpret the story very differently. Analysis of … He desperately needs human contact, care, and love, but his protective wall prevents him from looking for such interaction” (Chen 145). There are many reasons considered in alternate fields such as biology and evolutionary psychology, and even more that can be extracted from social psychology. […], Gothic literature focuses on the darkest aspects of humanity. Salinger’s The Catcher in the Rye, the psychological lens can be used to analyze while some argue mental illness in adolescence should not be taken seriously because many victims are well-off and experience few other problems, it should be due to how illness results from repressed trauma and causes an identity crisis transitioning into adulthood; … During the times when men are the sole leaders […], As a soldier in WWII, J.D. The topic of social scripts is one social psychological concept that explains why we communicate through nonverbal behaviour. Strictly Necessary Cookie should be enabled at all times so that we can save your preferences for cookie settings. What is Psychological Criticism in Literature, What is the Difference Between Bromides and Sulphites. When Phoebe suggests he pursue science or law, Holden does not see himself with a real career—instead, he associates his identity with what he despises most: adulthood. Usually, adolescence is accompanied by images of teenage angst. During when Holden reaches what is possibly his lowest point, “My bags were there and all, and I figured I’d sleep in that crazy waiting room where all the benches are. Through Folly, Erasmus weaves his own ideas into her message, confusing readers unable to […], The quotation, “the best feeling in the world is watching things fall into place after watching them fall apart for so long” (Glassman), best describes the effects of restorative justice […], In the political hierarchy depicted by Milton and Virgil, power rightly belongs in the hands of a man, not a woman. One popular criticism attached to The Catcher in the Rye is Holden is not depressed, but a spoiled teen with no sense of identity. He intentionally pulls away from others so he can conceal his trauma. […], “The Tuft of Flowers” by Robert Frost, a pastoral and ambiguous poet, is a narrative poem structured in the form of heroic couplets. Quite intriguingly, social psychology also tells us that we communicate nonverbally to tell us something about ourselves. What I have to do, I have to catch everybody if they start to go over the cliff—I mean if they’re running and they don’t look where they’re going I have to come out from somewhere and catch them. A critic scorns, “In the course of 277 pages the reader wearies of this kind of explicitness, repetition and adolescence, exactly as one would weary of Holden himself” (Goodman). This criticism approach can explore the writer’s motivations in selecting this subject and how his past has influenced his choice. By no means are the explanations presented here an exhaustive list of reasons why we communicate nonverbally. The psychological lens glimpses into the behavior and motivations of characters. He wrote about tragedy, but from a teenage perspective in the shape of Holden […]. Jung was the first to link the concept archetype to literature. Thus, evaluating the behavior of a character will help the reader to trace the childhood, family life, fixations, traumas, conflicts. The psychological criticism is not concerned with the intentions of the author. What is the Difference Between Shakespearean Comedy... What is the Difference Between Russian Formalism and... What is the Difference Between Hobby and Passion, What is the Difference Between Bru and Nescafe, What is the Difference Between Roll On and Stick Deodorant, What is the Difference Between Thread and Yarn, What is the Difference Between Moissanite and Cubic Zirconia, What is the Difference Between Downhill and Enduro. This website uses cookies so that we can provide you with the best user experience possible. Yet, he is only reacting to panic in the moment. In her original 1951 article, Goodman criticizes Holden Caulfield as the typical self-centered adolescent. It helps the readers understand the motivations of the writer as well as the characters. To examine Hamlet through a psychological perspective, one must use knowledge of behavioral psychology, which is the study of behavior that reveals inner thoughts.

Special offer for LiteratureEssaySamples.com readers. It seems easy for teenagers to discover what they want to pursue, but mental illness can spiral into an identity crisis that could prolong into adulthood. Through the psychological theory of trauma in J.D. Psychoanalytic criticism builds on Freudian theories of psychology. Though he felt unsafe, he considers returning to Mr. Antolini, because Mr. Antolini offered him solace. While we don't have the room here to discuss all of Freud's work, a general overview is necessary to explain psychoanalytic literary criticism. The person who analyses this work should be careful so as not to project any personal psychological issues onto the analysis.

While the psychological lens is not the only lens to analyze The Catcher in the Rye, the discussions developed from analysis can be used to compare our modern perspective on mental illness to a much more primitive one.

As Holden connects his location with memories of Allie, Holden wants nothing more than to escape; but he would only be running from his problems instead of finding peace.

The lens concerns expression, personality, and state of mind; it draws on psychology and psychoanalysis. A lens essay is a type of comparative paper that analyzes one text through the viewpoints expressed in another. This approach psychologically analyses the author of the work or a character in his work. 3.50-3), The Feminist Undertones Gothic Literature, Cormac McCarthy and His Exposure of a Problematic Modern American Society, The Statue off its Pedestal: Stephen Crane’s Notions of Heroism, The Presence of the Psychological Lens in The Catcher in the Rye.
The Unconscious, the Desires, and the Defenses Essay about Psychological Analysis of "The Butterfly Effect" 2355 Words | 10 Pages. In simple words, it examines what is good and bad about a work and why is it good or bad. This website uses cookies to provide you with the best browsing experience. Thousands of little kids, and nobody’s around—nobody big, I mean—except me. This means that every time you visit this website you will need to enable or disable cookies again.