Alongside the A140 at Brome is the former Swan Inn. The continuation to the southeast would seem to be of lesser importance but allowed access in good weather to the Stour valley and beyond. Only three provide additional information: two are dedicated by the public works departments of a civitas (county) (Dobunni)[10] and a city (Lincoln),[11] showing the involvement of local authorities in road maintenance; and the third[12] records that the Emperor Caracalla (reigned 211–217) "restored the roads, which had fallen into ruin and disuse through old age". Essex Arch. The interpretation would suggest that Worsted Street was a Roman road of local importance along the northeastern end, connecting Cambridge to the Icknield Way and the road to Great Chesterford. Includes the suggested route of a connecting road. Main roads were gravel or paved, had bridges constructed in stone or wood, and manned waypoints where travellers or military units could stop and rest. Coddenham to Colchester,Margary 3c Just a few corrections to this largely known route to the important city of Camulodunum, Colchester. But this is likely to be attributable to a popular, rather than official, Roman name for the route. At the bottom of this map is Brockford Street - clearly the brook ford on the street i.e. In Britain, the Vindolanda tablets, a series of letters written on wooden tablets to and by members of the garrison of Hadrian's Wall, show the operation of the cursus on the island. Top of the list for thanks must be to Suffolk Historic Environment Record (HER) and their online database and mapping. Thanks to the discovery that "new" road we can finally be confident in the location of Sitomagus which was previously the subject of much speculation. Roads came in three general categories: main routes surfaced with stone so that they could be used in all weather; secondary roads that were surfaced with gravel; and others that were local tracks, probably impassable in wet weather. Ixworth to Scole Route Discovered. The A140 is an 'A-class' road in Norfolk and Suffolk, East Anglia, England partly following the route of the Roman Pye Road.It runs from the A14 near Needham Market to the A149 south of Cromer.It is of primary status for the entirety of its route. Quite a unique feature advertising the Magpie Inn. Several unnamed roads were wider than Watling Street, such as the Silchester to Chichester road at 11.2 m (37 ft).[5]. Green, M, "Godmanchester Roman History - The Mansio", Roman road route planner, British part based on Itinerarium Antonini, 'Lost' Roads of Ancient Rome Discovered with 3D Laser Scanners,, Articles with Latin-language sources (la), Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Built as a supply route for Hadrian's Wall, just to the south of it via. This is referred to in Antonine Itinerary V as 35 miles from Colchester and 18 miles from Caistor. The Roman road network remained the only nationally-managed highway system within Britain until the establishment of the Ministry of Transport in the early 20th century. In Little Stonham is the famous Magpie Inn that gives this road its name - the Pye Road. The emphasis was therefore on linking up army bases, rather than catering for economic flows. Having said that, you are welcome to use any of the Lidar images providing a source reference is given. Margary, Roman Roads in Britain, 1967, 265-266. These routes, many of which had prehistoric origins, followed elevated ridge lines across hills, such as the South Downs Way. Systematic construction of paved highways did not resume until the building of the first turnpikes in the early 18th century. Many settlements were founded on or near Roman roads (suffix -street e.g. This has been suggested as one of the possible locations for Villa Faustini. Icklingham to Prickwillow There is good evidence for a road west from Icklingham to the famous Roman Canal west of Mildenhall. Ixworth to Bildeston, Margary 330 All the gaps filled in but why did it go to Bildeston and not Coddenham direct? Mansiones may also have housed the agents of the imperial procurator (the chief financial officer in the province) who collected the portorium, an imperial toll on goods in transit on public roads that was charged at 2 to ​2 1⁄2 per cent of the value. Imagery derived from this data is often able to show clearly the surviving remains of the road agger, terraces, side ditches and cuttings, often where they cannot be identified easily on the ground through traditional fieldwork. The one to the original forts seems to branch off a straight road that would have bypassed them. Below are general references. Ipswich to Walton Castle Probably originally a road to a Roman port at Felixstowe then extended to the later (lost) Saxon Shore fort of Walton Castle. -->, Only the main roads and towns, along with other places have been reproduced here Green roads - The course of this road is known Red roads - The course of this road is uncertain, Wales Cardiff Carmarthenshire Conwy Credigion Denbighshire Flintshire Glamorgan Gwynedd Monmouthshire Pembrokeshire Powys Wrexham, Here is a bit of legal housekeeping. It is believed the first fort was from the invasion period and the second after the Boudiccan revolt (60/61AD). This page contains affiliate links. The Fosse Way, from Exeter to Lincoln, was also built at this time to connect these bases with each other, marking the effective boundary of the early Roman province. J. Wacher (ed. Mapping used is generally Ordnance Survey Opendata supplemented by Bing Mapping and Aerial Photography for selected areas. Road numbers are those allocated by Ivan Margary. By 96, further extensions from York to Corbridge, and from Chester to Carlisle and Caernarfon (Segontium), were completed as Roman rule was extended over Wales (Cambria) and northern England (Brigantia). ), London: John Baker, ISBN 0-212-97001-1, List of Roman Roads and modern numberings. For Roman Roads in Britain, I.D. Road surfaces in the iron-producing areas of the Weald were made from iron slag. Welcome to the home page of the Roman Roads Research Association, Britain's first national organisation dedicated to the study of Roman Roads. The Icknield Way, Margary 333 Most likely a pre-historic trackway that was adopted and improved by the Romans where they deemed necessary. Despite the title it includes south Suffolk as well. As the Dover to London section of Watling Street was begun in the years following the Roman invasion of Britain in 43, it may have been known to the Romano-Britons as the Via Claudia in honour of Emperor Claudius (41–54) who led the military campaign. Said to be visible in ploughed fields as a gravel streak (S2). To contact David Ratledge regarding the Suffolk web pages, please email me. Cavalrymen from auxiliary mixed infantry- and cavalry- regiments (cohortes equitatae) provided most of the army's despatch-riders (dispositi). Wixoe to Braintree, Route Discovered. google_ad_height = 90; Continues into Framlingham parish - see FML 013. In the nineteenth century, Worsted Street was variously described as Iron Age in date and one of the Cambridgeshire Dykes, or as part of a Roman road that ran from Colchester to Chester, and so was given the misnomer of Via Devana. From time to time, the roads would be completely resurfaced and might even be entirely rebuilt, e.g. There may be few visible Roman remains in this part of the country, but we have a superb example of a Roman Road in the form of the Peddars Way. google_ad_width = 120; Roman Coloniae, Municipia and Vici in the UK. John Fairclough) that small boats would have been able to navigate up the Gipping to this site from Ipswich and the River Orwell. It is estimated that about 2,000 mi (3,200 km) of paved trunk roads (surfaced roads running between two towns or cities) were constructed and maintained throughout the province. Soc., XVII (1923-5). The missing link that solved the Sitomagus location problem. Another road almost entirely in Essex. Prehistoric & Roman Essex, James Kemble, 2009. Some suggestions given. English place names continue to reflect the settlement of Britain by the Anglo-Saxons. The metalling was in two layers, a foundation of medium to large stones covered by a running surface, often a compacted mixture of smaller flint and gravel. Parts of the network were retained by the Anglo-Saxons, eventually becoming integral routes in Anglo-Saxon Britain, but large sections were abandoned and lost. Where the county name appears in bold, the relevant page opens in a new window, Where a county is not shown, this is either for the sake of clarity, or the Romans did Official road names were usually taken from the Emperor in whose reign they were completed, such as the Via Traiana from Rome to Brindisi in southern Italy was named after the Emperor Trajan (98–117). It is approximately 56 miles (90 km) in length. "Britannia Superior: Why Roman roads may not be quite as Roman as we think". All this work confirmed the Roman nature of its construction along the stretch north of the A 11, with a rammed chalk foundation topped by gravel metalling. Examples include: in Kent and Sussex, three certain roads leading from London to the important iron-mining area of the Weald; and in East Anglia, the road from Colchester to Norwich, Peddars Way and the Fen Causeway. A map of Roman roads in Britain. Ixworth to Icklingham A road of two halves - the first section is straight forward but the second appears to comprise twin parallel routes. Ogilby uses the name Pye (with a "y") in his text and this seems to have stuck. In addition, the Suffolk HER records and other written sources have been consulted. Roman roads were built by quarrying along either side and compacting the upcast into a bank, or agger, in the centre to form the foundation of the road, the surface of which was then often metalled in some form or other. These roads linked to the coastal defensive line of Saxon Shore forts such as Brancaster (Branodunum), Burgh Castle (Gariannonum) near Great Yarmouth, Lympne (Portus Lemanis) and Pevensey (Anderitum). Serious archaeological excavation of Worsted Street has occurred three times: once in the 1920s when Cyril Fox from the Cambridge Antiquarian Society cut two sections across the road, near its northeastern end; once during 1959 when a gas pipeline was inserted along the length of much of the road; and in 1991 at Worsted Lodge prior to widening and dualling of the A 11. the complete reconstruction and widening of the Via Aemilia in northern Italy by the Emperor Augustus (reigned 37 BC – AD 14), two centuries after it was first built. The map is limited to 3000 records per layer so not all records are being displayed for this area. Centred TM 3166 6766 (8068m by 3189m) (Centred on). To ensure you get the best experience, this website uses cookies. The Romans may have given each section of Saxon "Watling Street" different names as the route was built sequentially over several decades in relation to the territory taken by the Romans as they subjugated Britain. The tax would be exacted when the goods crossed fixed toll points along the roads, which likely were located in or near mansiones. Lidar, both 2D and 3D virtual reality models have been used extensively in appraising the alignment of the roads. This and others like it are marked on Ordnance Survey maps with dotted lines. Suffolk Heritage Explorer The primary site for all Suffolk's Historic Environment Records (HER).